Institutionalized Racism

Initial historical insult

Structural barriers

Inaction in face of need

Societal norms

Biological determinism

Unearned privilege

Personally mediated racism



Acts of commission

Acts of omission

Maintains structural barriers

Condoned by societal norms

Internalized racism

Relects systems of privilege

Reflects societal values

Erodes individual sense of value

Undermines collective action


Power to decide

Power to act

Control of resources

Dangerous when allied with one group

Dangerous when not concerned with equity


Camara Phyllis Jones, Levels of Racism, American Journal of Public Health, August 2000, 908, p 1212 - 1215


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